7 elements of employee motivation

Seven Elements of Employee Motivation

The ability to move the dial on employee motivation is not a “nice to do.” It’s a vital skill for managers and supervisors.

Employee motivation is the stepping stone to employee engagement and strong organizational performance.

So how do you motivate employees? 

The truth is you don’t.

However, you can create a motivating work environment by focusing on the overall work culture and individual employee motivation.



Creating a Motivating Work Culture

Research conducted by Krüger & Rootman involving over 400 small businesses focused on seven elements1 that help you rock the work culture.

The Seven Elements of Employee Motivation

The seven elements are listed below in order from those with the greatest to the lowest level of influence on employee motivation:

  1. Interesting and Meaningful Work2 Meaningful work is the most important workplace motivator for employees. Help employees see how the work they do is meaningful and makes a difference.
  2. Recognition and Feedback 3Provide regular feedback to employees about their performance and leverage the power of employee recognition.  
  3. Empowerment4Empower employees. Give them the freedom and strength to look beyond the status quo and champion excellence.
  4. Working Conditions5Intentionally create a workplace with great working conditions on the physical, social, and psychological levels. Working conditions include the atmosphere of the workplace, equipment, work hours, and other support factors. However, the most important source of support you can provide employees is a strong supervisor-employee relationship.
  5. Strong Leadership6Strong leaders are the cornerstone of employee motivation, engagement, and performance. Focus your resources on developing strong leaders that leverage both support and accountability to engage employees and drive performance.
  6. Workplace Justice and Fairness7Promote an environment of workplace justice and fairness in the way you distribute resources, make decisions, and interact with employees.
  7. Rewards8Money doesn’t buy employee motivation. To create a truly motivating work environment, employ a more holistic approach in your rewards structure. Consider the “total rewards” approach.

While these seven elements will help you create a workplace atmosphere conducive to employee motivation, it’s also vital to focus on what motivates each person individually.

Individual Employee Motivation

Employee motivation is not a “one size fits all” proposition.

Individualize Your Approach

Each employee is unique and requires an individualized approach.  This uniqueness underscores the need to establish strong supervisor-employee relationships and to get to know each employee on a personal level while keeping it professional. 

By getting to know their employees, managers and supervisors can develop a deeper understanding and appreciation for their values, needs, concerns, priorities, desires, fears, and hopes, which are all essential to motivation.

Talk Less and Listen More

Talking with employees and doing a lot of listening is a great way to get to know them.  It’s also a simple way to build relationships. You can find out a lot about what a person values just by having conversations.



Use Motivation Assessments

Assessments are also excellent tools to find out what motivates individuals on a deeper level. For instance, the Motivators assessment measures seven universal dimensions of employee motivation –- theoretical, regulatory, individualistic, altruistic, political, economic, and aesthetic.

Employees Play a Role

Leaders don’t have complete control over employee motivation.  Employees themselves play an essential role in their own motivation through how they chose to view and respond to the world and the workplace.  There are also other factors beyond the control of managers and supervisors that influence motivation.

However, managers and supervisors have the opportunity and responsibility to impact that which is within their sphere of influence. Understanding the seven elements listed above and what motivates each person can help them work towards fulfilling this responsibility.


SYLVIA MELENA is the Founder and CEO of Melena Consulting Group and the award-winning author of Supportive Accountability: How to Inspire People and Improve Performance.


Want to Create a Motivating and High-Performing Workplace?

Sylvia’s signature Supportive Accountability Leadership™ Program will equip your leaders to create a motivating work environment while promoting accountability and improving performance.


1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Krüger, J. & Rootman, C. (2010). How do small business managers influence employee satisfaction and commitment?  Acta Commercii,10(1). pp. 59 - 72. Retrieved from http://www.actacommercii.co.za/index.php/acta/article/viewFile/114/114. Creative Commons License. 

2 Comments

  1. WOW, Fabulous list!
    #3 resonates with me:
    “Empowerment” – Empower employees. Give them the freedom and strength to look beyond the status quo and champion excellence.
    Years ago in the restaurant business, I hired mostly young people. In the first interview they were told Decisions on handling customer relations were in their hands and they were not to come and aks me. At the end of the shift, we could discuss and they learned there was NO negativity. Only two things I could say,
    “Great Job”
    or
    “Let’s approach this way Next time”
    The next ‘dear to my heart’ is the section is
    “Talk Less and Listen More” A true key to success in all aspects of life!
    Thanks again for the great post

    1. Thanks for your input and insights, Chuck. I love your example of how you empowered brand new restaurant employees, letting them make decisions and letting them learn by doing with some guidance. What a powerful way to build competence and confidence!

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.